cultic interpretation

cultic interpretation
The religious history of Israel would be nothing without the cult: worship, sacrifice, ritual. Before the first king was anointed by Samuel, there existed a cult round the Ark [[➝ ark]] of the Covenant which provided a unifying basis for the loose confederation or association of twelve tribes.
But much of the OT can be understood in relation to the Temple cult at Jerusalem and the festivals celebrated there, such as the blessings and cursings of Deut. 28, and it has been suggested that the book of Job was a drama based on the myth and ritual of a New Year festival, common in the ancient Near East, when there was a ritual enactment of the death and resurrection of a deity. The purpose of the ritual was to assist the well-being of the nation. After a ritual combat in which the god was victorious over his enemies, he was acclaimed as king. The nation's king played a central part in the whole festival by representing the god himself. In Israel before the Exile there was a sense in which the king was identified with the nation; or at any rate its well-being rested on him. This notion of the kingship of the house of David was at the root of the Messianic hope.
It is above all the psalms that reveal how central in the life of the nation the festivals in the Temple were. There was first a New Year festival, though some scholars prefer to regard it as an Enthronement festival, a liturgical reenactment of the creation myth; among Israel's neighbours the victorious saviour-god was thought to overcome the chaos deity; for every year the lifeless earth when the chaos deity reigned sprang into fertile life as the saviour god returned to rule. Such was the myth taken over in the worship of Yahweh at Jerusalem. Such was the victory celebrated in Pss. 24:7–10 and 47:1.
There were also a coronation ceremony (Ps. 110), a covenant renewal festival (Ps. 114), and liturgies of petition when the king recited such psalms as 44 on behalf of the nation.
Thus the psalms were compiled for congregational worship and as such have continued in regular use in the Christian Church, relating the sovereignty of God to people's daily lives.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Solomon, Song of — ▪ biblical canticle also called  Canticle of Canticles , or  Song of Songs        an Old Testament book that belongs to the third section of the biblical canon, known as the Ketuvim, or “Writings.” In the Hebrew Bible the Song of Solomon stands… …   Universalium

  • biblical literature — Introduction       four bodies of written works: the Old Testament writings according to the Hebrew canon; intertestamental works, including the Old Testament Apocrypha; the New Testament writings; and the New Testament Apocrypha.       The Old… …   Universalium

  • Norse rituals — Norse paganism Part of Norse paganism …   Wikipedia

  • Judaism — /jooh dee iz euhm, day , deuh /, n. 1. the monotheistic religion of the Jews, having its ethical, ceremonial, and legal foundation in the precepts of the Old Testament and in the teachings and commentaries of the rabbis as found chiefly in the… …   Universalium

  • Christianity — /kris chee an i tee/, n., pl. Christianities. 1. the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches. 2. Christian beliefs or practices; Christian quality or character: Christianity mixed with pagan elements; …   Universalium

  • BIBLE — THE CANON, TEXT, AND EDITIONS canon general titles the canon the significance of the canon the process of canonization contents and titles of the books the tripartite canon …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Roman Catholicism — the faith, practice, and system of government of the Roman Catholic Church. [1815 25] * * * Largest single Christian denomination in the world, with some one billion members, or about 18% of the world s population. The Roman Catholic church has… …   Universalium

  • ARCHAEOLOGY — The term archaeology is derived from the Greek words archaios ( ancient ) and logos ( knowledge, discourse ) and was already used in ancient Greek literature in reference to the study of ancient times. In its modern sense it has come to mean the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • prophecy — /prof euh see/, n., pl. prophecies. 1. the foretelling or prediction of what is to come. 2. something that is declared by a prophet, esp. a divinely inspired prediction, instruction, or exhortation. 3. a divinely inspired utterance or revelation …   Universalium

  • PROPHETS AND PROPHECY — This article is arranged according to the following outline: in the bible classifications nature of prophecy origin and function dreams divination pre classical prophets terminology group prophecy ecstasy group life of prophets role in society… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”